If approval of the electors is require or authorized under the Local Government Act or Community Charter, Local Governments may use a Referendum as a method to obtain the approval of electors in relation to a proposed bylaw, agreement or other matter, the approval is obtained only if a majority of the votes are in favour of the bylaw or question.

A Referendum is conducted in the same manner as an election with advance voting and mail ballot voting opportunities in addition to a general voting day being on a Saturday. Electors register at time of voting and cast their vote on a ballot usually in a form of a "yes" or "no" question.